Travel and Leisure 2007-2013


Buffalo Ridge: community-owned AND luxurious?

First appeared
Monday, 24 January 2011

For most high end leisure travellers to or in South Africa, the phrases “community-owned” and “community-run” set red lights flashing and alarm bells ringing. It’s all very well to make a brief township tour, brave the novelty of an overnight stay in a rural B&B or browse through the quaint produce on offer at a craft market – but if you want to travel in style, stay in luxury and enjoy the best of the best, private commercial service providers are a safer bet.

That, at least, is the orthodox (albeit unspoken) wisdom in the tourism industry. It speaks to various assumptions about what is meant by experiencing a country. For people from developed countries travelling in the developing world, this leaves two implicit options: either you can really interact with the citizens and try to live as the locals do – which equates to “slumming it” – or you can enjoy your creature comforts, in which case you’ll be prevented from engaging with their “authentic” way of life.
In mixed economies such as South Africa’s, affluent internal tourists who want to see other parts of their own country seem to face the same dilemma (one that is further complicated by the country’s history of racial and cultural segregation). Those with the means to travel from, say, Cape Town or Johannesburg and spend a holiday in a game reserve are no more likely to have substantial contact with their poorer compatriots than visitors from England, America, Germany or Japan.

While there is general consensus over the need to change structural inequalities in South African society – “empowerment” and “upliftment” have become clichéd words – attempts to restore both dignity and economic muscle to historically disenfranchised communities have met with mixed success. Both state and private initiatives have begun with great vision and vigour, only to stumble or wane within a few years. Perhaps it’s not surprising, then, that describing an enterprise as community-owned and community-run often results in raised eyebrows and dubious expressions – and that it can be, to put it crudely, a turn-off for prospective customers.

There is a cure for such scepticism, however: it goes by the name of Buffalo Ridge. Situated in the expansive Madikwe game reserve (three hours north-west of Johannesburg), Buffalo Ridge is an exclusive lodge that can accommodate up to 16 guests. Each of the eight chalets is beautifully appointed, and the main building commands a staggering view over the Madikwe plains. The lodge boasts all of the perks one might expect of a five star bush establishment: private game drives, plenty of good food and wine, effusive warmth from the staff.

What makes Buffalo Ridge different from other five star lodges is that it is owned entirely by the Balete people of Lekgophung (a settlement close to the South Africa-Botswana border). In this it was the first of its kind, and although it is no longer unique, it is still highly unusual. Buffalo Ridge is leased to and managed by the Madikwe Collection, a portfolio of lodges spread across the 75000-hectare reserve. The founders of the Madikwe Collection, Carl Trieloff and William Stephens, have demonstrated both financial and ecological savvy in expanding the company.

Private investors and communal owners alike – in addition to Buffalo Ridge, the Collection includes another wholly community-owned establishment in Thakadu River Camp – follow the environmental models that have been applied throughout the reserve. The story of Madikwe, like so many of South Africa’s game parks, is one of patient and passionate implementation of conservation programmes. Through the decades-long “Operation Phoenix”, the area was restored from over-grazed cattle farming terrain to a self-sustaining wilderness area. Combining the twin appeals of being malaria-free and offering Big Five game viewing, Madikwe is a highly prized destination for those who can afford it.

Certainly, a stay there is not cheap. But patrons of Buffalo Ridge, Thakadu River Camp and Tuningi Safari Lodge – which has also been certified by Fair Trade in Tourism South African (FTTSA) – have the reassurance that the money they spend will have a positive ripple effect in the local economy. And, in the case of the Balete of Buffalo Ridge, that doesn’t mean only a few individuals; it means training and employment for dozens of staff at the lodge and, equally importantly, it means the development of infrastructure in Lekgophung and surrounds.

FTTSA stipulates that certified businesses meet the following criteria: fair wages and working conditions; fair operations, purchasing and distribution of benefits; ethical business practice; and respect for human rights, culture and the environment. This all seems rather dry and dull – not the kind of thing one associates with the excitement of game drives, the luxury of lazing by a pool overlooking pristine bushveld, or the privilege of drinking and dining under starry skies.

Yet, as Buffalo Ridge has shown, it is possible for tourists to be self-indulgent and to support community development at the same time.

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